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Essential role of C/EBPalpha in G-CSF-induced transcriptional activation and chromatin modification of myeloid-specific genes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Genes to Cells
1365-2443
Publisher
Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing)
Publication Date
Volume
13
Issue
4
Pages
313–327
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2443.2008.01173.x
PMID: 18363963
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) regulates the proliferation and differentiation of neutrophilic progenitor cells. Here, we investigated the roles of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP)alpha in the G-CSF-induced transcriptional activation and chromatin modification of the CCR2 and myeloperoxidase (MPO) genes in IL-3-dependent myeloid FDN1.1 cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed that G-CSF activates C/EBPalpha to bind target promoters. ChIP mapping experiments across the CCR2 and MPO genes showed that G-CSF induces histone H3 modifications: the acetylation of Lys9, trimethylation of Lys4 and trimethylation of Lys9. The distribution profile of the trimethylated Lys9 was distinct from that of the two other modifications. All the G-CSF-induced C/EBPalpha recruitment, transcriptional activation and histone modifications were reversed by re-stimulation with IL-3, and were abolished by short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-mediated knockdown of C/EBPalpha. These results indicate that C/EBPalpha is activated by G-CSF to bind target promoters, and plays critical roles in the transcriptional activation and dynamic chromatin modification of target genes during neutrophil differentiation.

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