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Essential oils of Uvaria boniana – chemical composition, in vitro bioactivity, docking, and in silico ADMET profiling of selective major compounds

  • Ninh The, Son1
  • Le Tuan, Anh2
  • Dinh Thi Thu, Thuy3
  • Nguyen Dinh, Luyen3
  • Tran Thi, Tuyen3, 4
  • Pham-The, Hai5
  • 1 Institute of Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Caugiay , (Vietnam)
  • 2 VAST, Vietnam , (Vietnam)
  • 3 Institute of Natural Products Chemistry, VAST, Vietnam , (Vietnam)
  • 4 Graduate University of Science and Technology, VAST, Vietnam , (Vietnam)
  • 5 Hanoi University of Pharmacy, 13–15 Le Thanh Tong, Hoan Kiem , (Vietnam)
Published Article
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
Nov 10, 2021
DOI: 10.1515/znc-2021-0111
De Gruyter


Phytochemical investigation applying GC (gas chromatography)-MS (mass spectrometry)/GC-FID (flame ionization detection) on the hydro-distilled essential oils of the Vietnamese medicinal plant Uvaria boniana leaf and twig lead to the detection of 35 constituents (97.36%) in the leaf oil and 52 constituents (98.75%) in the twig oil. Monoterpenes, monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenes, and sesquiterpenoids were characteristic of U. boniana essential oils. The leaf oil was represented by major components (E)-caryophyllene (16.90%), bicyclogermacrene (15.95%), α-humulene (14.96%), and linalool (12.40%), whereas four compounds α-cadinol (16.16%), epi-α-muurolol (10.19%), α-pinene (11.01%), and β-pinene (8.08%) were the main ones in the twig oil. As compared with the leaf oil, the twig oil was better in antimicrobial activity. With the same MIC value of 40 mg/mL, the twig oil successfully controlled the growth of Gram (+) bacterium Bacillus subtilis, Gram (−) bacterium Escherichia coli, fungus Aspergillus niger, and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In addition, both two oil samples have induced antiinflammatory activity with the IC50 values of 223.7–240.6 mg/mL in NO productive inhibition when BV2 cells had been stimulated by LPS. Docking simulations of four major compounds of U. boniana twig oil on eight relevant antibacterial targets revealed that epi-α-muurolol and α-cadinol are moderate inhibitors of E. coli DNA gyrase subunit B, penicillin binding protein 2X and penicillin binding protein 3 of Pseudomonas aeruginosa with similar free binding energies of −30.1, −29.3, and −29.3 kJ/mol, respectively. Furthermore, in silico ADMET studies indicated that all four docked compounds have acceptable oral absorption, low metabolism, and appropriated toxicological profile to be considered further as drug candidates.

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