An esophageal schwannoma was found in a 73-year-old woman with cough, exertional dyspnea, and progressive dysphagia. Chest imaging showed an upper mediastinal mass (apex, right thoracic cavity) with direct lower tracheal compression. Esophagography and esophagoscopy revealed a tumor in the cervical and upper thoracic esophagus; it was resected from the upper thoracic esophagus followed by cervical esophageal repair. Histology showed oval-to-fusiform cells with palisading and lymphocytic stromal infiltration (immunohistochemistry, S-100 protein-positive). The patient was well one year afterward.