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Erosion of cohesive grains by an impinging turbulent jet

Authors
  • Sharma, Ram Sudhir
  • Gong, Mingze
  • Azadi, Sivar
  • Gans, Adrien
  • Gondret, Philippe
  • Sauret, Alban
Publication Date
Jun 03, 2022
Source
eScholarship - University of California
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

The erosion and transport of particles by an impinging turbulent jet in air is observed in various situations, such as the cleaning of a surface or during the landing of a spacecraft. The presence of inter-particle cohesive forces modifies the erosion threshold, beyond which grains are transported. The cohesion also influences the resulting formation and shape of the crater. In this paper, we characterize the role of the cohesive forces on the erosion of a flat granular bed by an impinging normal turbulent jet in air. We perform experiments using a cohesion-controlled granular material to finely tune the cohesion between particles while keeping the other properties constant. We investigate the effects of the cohesion on the erosion threshold and show that the results can be rationalized by a cohesive Shields number that accounts for the inter-particles cohesion force. Despite the complex nature of a turbulent jet, we can provide a scaling law to correlate the jet erosion threshold, based on the outlet velocity at the nozzle, to a local cohesive Shields number. The presence of cohesion between the grains also modifies the shape of the resulting crater, the transport of grains, and the local erosion process.

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