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ERK1/2 are involved in low potassium-induced apoptotic signaling downstream of ASK1-p38 MAPK pathway in cultured cerebellar granule neurons.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Brain Research
0006-8993
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
1038
Issue
2
Pages
223–230
Identifiers
PMID: 15757638
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We have recently reported that the ASK1-p38 MAPK pathway has an important role in the low potassium (LK)-induced apoptosis of cultured cerebellar granule neurons. In the present study, we observed that ERK1/2 were significantly activated 6 h after a change of medium from HK (high potassium) to LK. In addition, U0126, a specific inhibitor of MEKs, remarkably prevented the apoptosis of cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Then, we examined the mechanism underlying the activation of ERK1/2 in the LK-induced apoptotic pathway. The addition of SB203580, an inhibitor of p38 MAPK, suppressed the increase in the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 after the change to LK medium. Furthermore, we found that the expression of a constitutively active mutant of ASK1, an upstream kinase of p38 MAPK, enhanced the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. These results suggest that ERK1/2 play a crucial role in LK-induced apoptosis of cultured cerebellar granule neurons and that the LK-stimulated activation of ERK1/2 is regulated by the ASK1-p38 MAPK pathway.

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