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Equine esophageal pressure profile.

Authors
  • Stick, J A
  • Derksen, F J
  • McNitt, D L
  • Chou, C C
Type
Published Article
Journal
American Journal of Veterinary Research
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association
Publication Date
Feb 01, 1983
Volume
44
Issue
2
Pages
272–275
Identifiers
PMID: 6830016
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Esophageal motility was studied in 5 healthy adult horses, using a 4 side-hole catheter assembly continuously perfused with distilled water. Resting pressure and maximal pressures generated during swallowing were measured over the whole length of the esophagus (mean +/- S means = 132.7 +/- 2.31 cm). Four functionally distinct regions of the esophagus were demonstrated: cranial esophageal sphincter, caudal esophageal sphincter, and "fast" and "slow" regions in the body of the esophagus. The resting pressure of the cranial and caudal esophageal sphincters were 171.1 +/- 20.45 (x +/- S means) and 10.5 +/- 0.61 (x +/- S means) mm of Hg, respectively. The maximal pressure of the "fast" and the "slow" esophageal regions and caudal esophageal sphincter were 63.1 +/- 3.75 (x +/- S means), 71.9 +/- 3.65 (x +/- S means), and 63.1 +/- 2.60 (x +/- S means) mm of Hg, respectively. The length of each region and duration of pressure events were quantitated, establishing an equine esophageal pressure profile.

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