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Equalization filters for multiple-channel electromyogram arrays.

Authors
  • Clancy, Edward A
  • Xia, Hongfang
  • Christie, Anita
  • Kamen, Gary
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 15, 2007
Volume
165
Issue
1
Pages
64–71
Identifiers
PMID: 17614134
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Multiple-channels of electromyogram activity are frequently transduced via electrodes, then combined electronically to form one electrophysiologic recording, e.g. bipolar, linear double difference and Laplacian montages. For high quality recordings, precise gain and frequency response matching of the individual electrode potentials is achieved in hardware (e.g., an instrumentation amplifier for bipolar recordings). This technique works well when the number of derived signals is small and the montages are pre-determined. However, for array electrodes employing a variety of montages, hardware channel matching can be expensive and tedious, and limits the number of derived signals monitored. This report describes a method for channel matching based on the concept of equalization filters. Monopolar potentials are recorded from each site without precise hardware matching. During a calibration phase, a time-varying linear chirp voltage is applied simultaneously to each site and recorded. Based on the calibration recording, each monopolar channel is digitally filtered to "correct" for (equalize) differences in the individual channels, and then any derived montages subsequently created. In a hardware demonstration system, the common mode rejection ratio (at 60 Hz) of bipolar montages improved from 35.2+/-5.0 dB (prior to channel equalization) to 69.0+/-5.0 dB (after equalization).

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