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EQ-5D in coronary patients: what are they suffering from? Results from the ESC EORP European Survey of Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Diabetes (EUROASPIRE IV) Registry

  • De Smedt, Delphine
  • Kotseva, Kornelia
  • De Backer, Gui
  • Wood, David
  • Van Wilder, Lisa
  • De Bacquer, Dirk
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2020
DOI: 10.1007/s11136-019-02334-2
Ghent University Institutional Archive
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Objective Coronary patients often suffer from an impaired health, hence the aim of this study is to assess how coronary patients score on the different EQ-5D dimensions. Methods Analyses are based on the EUROASPIRE IV survey, conducted across 24 European countries. 7567 patients with stable coronary heart disease (mean age = 64.1 (SD = 9.6); males = 75.8%) completed the EQ-5D-5L instrument, 6 months to 3 years after their index hospitalization. Descriptive statistics and multilevel logistic regression was used to assess the differences between patient groups in reported problems on the EQ-5D dimensions. Furthermore, age-standardized country-specific outcomes were reported. Results About one out of four patients reported to have no problems on all five dimensions (57.9% reported no problems on mobility, 88.4% reported no problems on self-care, 67.1% reported no problems on usual activities, 41.1% reported no problems on pain/discomfort, and 56.2% reported no problems on anxiety/depression). Elderly patients and females reported more problems. Patients with behavioral risk factors and patients with comorbidities were more likely to have severe or extreme problems. Comparison across countries showed major differences in reported problems. Conclusions Whether or not coronary patients have problems on one or more EQ-5D dimension, as well as the severity of the problems reported is largely associated with the patient profile. The least problems are seen on the self-care dimension and most problems are reported on the pain/discomfort dimension.

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