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Epstein-Barr Virus Mediated Signaling in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Carcinogenesis

Authors
  • Richardo, Timmy1
  • Prattapong, Pongphol2
  • Ngernsombat, Chawalit2
  • Wisetyaningsih, Nurulfitri
  • Iizasa, Hisashi1
  • Yoshiyama, Hironori1
  • Janvilisri, Tavan3
  • 1 (H.Y.)
  • 2 (C.N.)
  • 3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancers
Publisher
MDPI AG
Publication Date
Aug 28, 2020
Volume
12
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/cancers12092441
PMID: 32872147
PMCID: PMC7565514
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Simple Summary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is known to contribute in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) carcinogenesis. The oncogenic roles of the EBV proteins and non-coding RNAs in NPC are becoming evident with the aid of current advances in genome-wide and in-depth molecular analyses. This current work provides a comprehensive overview, which covers recent understandings of the pathogenic role of EBV infection in NPC. Perspectives on molecular mechanisms, which are involved in the pathogenesis of NPC, focusing on the connection between EBV and NPC cells and the corresponding signaling pathways are highlighted. Cancer hallmarks associated with EBV in NPC development are also discussed herein. Abstract Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most common tumors occurring in China and Southeast Asia. Etiology of NPC seems to be complex and involves many determinants, one of which is Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Although evidence demonstrates that EBV infection plays a key role in NPC carcinogenesis, the exact relationship between EBV and dysregulation of signaling pathways in NPC needs to be clarified. This review focuses on the interplay between EBV and NPC cells and the corresponding signaling pathways, which are modulated by EBV oncoproteins and non-coding RNAs. These altered signaling pathways could be critical for the initiation and progression of NPC.

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