# EPR Study of Superconductors

Authors
• 1 Kazan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Zavoisky Physical-Technical Institute, Kazan, 420029, Russia , Kazan (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Dec 02, 2014
Volume
178
Issue
5-6
Pages
243–271
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10909-014-1252-z
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
Historical review on the studies of the electron paramagnetic resonance in superconductors performed in the period from 1970 to 1990 at the Kazan Physical Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (group of Dr. E. G. Kharakhash’yan) in collaboration with Kazan State University (group of Prof. B. I. Kochelaev) and with the Institute for Physical Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences (group of Prof. N. E. Alekseevskii) is presented. We have observed for the first time the electron paramagnetic resonance of impurities in a type II superconductor; found indication for a long-range exchange interaction between magnetic impurities arising due to the superconducting correlations; observed the magnetic ordering of impurities in the superconducting state; and, finally, we found one of the first evidences for heterogeneity of the 1:2:3 high-Tc\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$$T_c$$\end{document} superconductor which is its natural property.