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EPR Paradox,Locality and Completeness of Quantum Theory

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DOI: 10.1063/1.2827317
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The quantum theory (QT) and new stochastic approaches have no deterministic prediction for a single measurement or for a single time -series of events observed for a trapped ion, electron or any other individual physical system. The predictions of QT being of probabilistic character apply to the statistical distribution of the results obtained in various experiments. The probability distribution is not an attribute of a dice but it is a characteristic of a whole random experiment : '' rolling a dice''. and statistical long range correlations between two random variables X and Y are not a proof of any causal relation between these variable. Moreover any probabilistic model used to describe a random experiment is consistent only with a specific protocol telling how the random experiment has to be performed.In this sense the quantum theory is a statistical and contextual theory of phenomena. In this paper we discuss these important topics in some detail. Besides we discuss in historical perspective various prerequisites used in the proofs of Bell and CHSH inequalities concluding that the violation of these inequalities in spin polarization correlation experiments is neither a proof of the completeness of QT nor of its nonlocality. The question whether QT is predictably complete is still open and it should be answered by a careful and unconventional analysis of the experimental data. It is sufficient to analyze more in detail the existing experimental data by using various non-parametric purity tests and other specific statistical tools invented to study the fine structure of the time-series. The correct understanding of statistical and contextual character of QT has far reaching consequences for the quantum information and quantum computing.

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