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Epidemiology of rotator cuff surgery in Italy: regional variation in access to health care. Results from a 14-year nationwide registry.

Authors
  • Salvatore, G1
  • Longo, U G2
  • Candela, V1
  • Berton, A1
  • Migliorini, F1
  • Petrillo, S1
  • Ambrogioni, L R1
  • Denaro, V1
  • 1 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro Del Portillo, 200, Trigoria, 00128, Rome, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Campus Bio-Medico University, Via Alvaro Del Portillo, 200, Trigoria, 00128, Rome, Italy. [email protected] , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Musculoskeletal surgery
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2020
Volume
104
Issue
3
Pages
329–335
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12306-019-00625-y
PMID: 31659710
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Rotator cuff (RC) disease is frequent and represents a common source of shoulder pain. The aim of this study is to analyse geographical differences in RC surgeries from 2001 to 2014 in Italy, a country with universal and free health care for its population. An analysis of the Italian National Hospital Discharge records from 2001 to 2014 was performed. These data are anonymous and include patient's age, sex, domicile, region of hospitalization, length of the hospitalization and type of reimbursement (public or private). National and regional population data were obtained from the National Institute for Statistics (ISTAT) for each year. During the 14-year study period, 390,001 RC repairs were performed in Italy, which represented a mean incidence of 62.1 RC procedures for every 100,000 Italian inhabitants. Nevertheless, the incidence was very different if every single regional population is considered individually. Lombardy resulted to have the highest number of surgeries during the 14-year study period, with 27.95% (108,954) of the total national procedures performed in the 2001-2014 time span. More than half the surgeries (52.00%) were performed in only 3 regions of the northern part of Italy. This study shows the existence of geographical disparities in access to RC surgery and patients' necessity to migrate among regions in order to obtain it. Southern regions of Italy are characterized by a lower number of surgeries compared to the northern part of Italy.

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