In the developed world, domestic injuries (DI) are an important cause of morbidity, temporary or permanent disability, and death in early life, the social and economic costs of which are often underestimated. To assess the epidemiology of this phenomenon in an area of north-eastern Italy, a retrospective investigation was performed with an anonymous questionnaire administered to the parents of approximately 3000 children aged between 3 and 15 years. More than 45% of the sample had suffered at least one DI in their lifetime. The most common involved falling, wounding and scalding, and particularly affected children above 4 years old. The various types of injury were analyzed and correlated with the parents' personal parameters, the circumstances and the location of the accident. The type of aid required (medical advice was sought in more than 70% of cases) and the outcome of the DI (26% cases of temporary disability and 2% of permanent disability) were also assessed. The majority of DI could be prevented by a capillary campaign on the prevention of domestic hazards in childhood, preferably as part of a holistic approach to the problem that also considers their living conditions in architectural and interior design terms.