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[Epidemiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease].

Authors
  • Raherison, Chantal1
  • 1 Service des Maladies Respiratoires, Haut-Lévèque, CHU Bordeaux, EA 3672, Institut de Santé Publique, d'Epidémiologie et de Développement, Université Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France. [email protected] , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983)
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2009
Volume
38
Issue
3
Pages
400–405
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.lpm.2008.12.015
PMID: 19185445
Source
Medline
Language
French
License
Unknown

Abstract

The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is responsible for important morbidity, mortality and health costs. Projection in 2020 suggests that COPD will be the 3rd cause of world mortality (6th in 1990). Although active smoking remains the main risk factor other exposure may also be involved in the development of COPD associated with genetic predisposition. The prevalence of the COPD fluctuates according to countries, age and sex. In France, mortality due to COPD remains stable in males but increases in females. A present, COPD is approximately responsible for 15,000 deaths per year. The major challenge in the near future rests on prevention and early detection of the disease. Smoking cessation allows a deceleration of the decline of the FEV1 and an improvement of total survival.

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