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[Epidemiological study of leptospirosis in New Caledonia].

Authors
  • Brethes, B1
  • Puech, P L
  • Fraisse, A
  • Dubois, P
  • Domenech, J
  • Bourdin, P
  • Moreau, J P
  • Capdevielle, P
  • Desoutter, D
  • Lechapt, M
  • 1 Institut Pasteur de Nouméa, Nouvelle-Calédonie.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bulletin de la Societe de pathologie exotique et de ses filiales
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1988
Volume
81
Issue
2
Pages
189–197
Identifiers
PMID: 3416406
Source
Medline
Language
French
License
Unknown

Abstract

This epidemiological survey includes the study of human and animal leptospirosis in New Caledonia from clinical cases as well as a systematic serological study about exposed human and animal populations. The results show that this disease is endemic on the whole territory with a few important focuses in agricultural area, especially on the Western coast. Leptospira icterohemorrhagiae is the main serotype and is responsible for serious human leptospirosis. The male farmers constitute the most exposed population, especially from March to May, end of the host season. In order to reduce the importance of this disease, it is desirable that the farmers are vaccinated and mass media campaigns are necessary to improve the prevention.

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