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Epidemiologic features and clinical course of COVID-19: a retrospective analysis of 19 patients in Germany

Authors
  • Elgamasy, Sara1
  • Sakr, Eman Elsayed2
  • Kamel, Mohamed Gomaa3
  • Ghozy, Sherief4
  • Elsayed, Ghadeer Gamal5
  • Fahmy, Mostafa Mahmoud6
  • Ghazy, Ahmed7
  • Nagaty Ibrahim, Mohamed Maged5
  • Morra, Mostafa Ebraheem8
  • 1 91781, Germany
  • 2 Cardiology Department, El-Mataria Teaching Hospital, Cairo, Egypt
  • 3 61519, Egypt
  • 4 35516, Egypt
  • 5 Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta 31524, Egypt
  • 6 Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha 13741, Egypt
  • 7 Bariatric Medicine Department, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • 8 11884, Egypt
Type
Published Article
Journal
Future Virology
Publisher
Future Medicine
Publication Date
Feb 24, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2217/fvl-2020-0256
PMCID: PMC7908423
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Short Communication
License
Green

Abstract

Background: SARS-coronavirus-2 causes coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). Materials & methods: We here report epidemiology; clinical, radiological and laboratory characteristics; and outcomes of COVID-19 in 19 patients confirmed by reverse-transcriptase–PCR. Results: In 19 PCR-confirmed cases (median age 69 years; 63% males), the most common presentations were fever (79%), cough (79%) and fatigue (79%). The most common comorbidities were hypertension (47%), hypothyroidism (32%) and cardiac diseases (32%). All patients received symptomatic treatment. Ampicillin/sulbactam was prescribed for 50% of cases. Also, 13 (68.4%) recovered and discharged, 9 (47.3%) needed intensive care unit admission and 4 (21.1%) cases died Conclusion: The included cases had variable clinical outcomes following supportive and antibiotic treatments. These findings may contribute to development of more effective strategies for infection control.

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