Affordable Access

Enzyme characteristics of two distinct forms of mouse 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5-delta 4-isomerase complementary deoxyribonucleic acids expressed in COS-1 cells.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Endocrinology
Publication Date
Volume
132
Issue
5
Pages
1971–1976
Identifiers
PMID: 8477648
Source
Medline

Abstract

The enzyme 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5-delta 4-Isomerase (3 beta HSD) catalyzes the conversion of delta 5-3 beta-hydroxysteroids to delta 4-3-ketosteroids, an essential step in the biosynthesis of all biologically active steroid hormones. We previously reported the isolation of three distinct mouse cDNAs for 3 beta HSD (3 beta HSD I, II, and III) and tissue-specific expression of their mRNAs. 3 beta HSD I is expressed only in gonads and adrenal glands, and 3 beta HSD II and III are expressed in both liver and kidneys. In the current study, we present data which demonstrate that transiently expressed 3 beta HSD I and 3 beta HSD III proteins can catalyze the conversion of the delta 5-steroids, pregnenolone and dehydroepiandrosterone, to their respective delta 4-3-ketosteroids, progesterone and androstenedione. They also can dehydrogenate the 3 beta-hydroxy group of the 5 alpha-reduced steroid 5 alpha-androstanediol to yield dihydrotestosterone in the presence of the cofactor NAD+. The Km values of the expressed 3 beta HSD I (for each of these substrates) were all below 0.2 microM. Km values of 3 beta HSD III were greater for all substrates, with the greatest increase observed for pregnenolone, which was over 10-fold greater. Both forms of expressed protein can catalyze the reduction of dihydrotestosterone to 5 alpha-androstanediol in the presence of the cofactor NADH, but with considerably higher Km values (5.5 microM for form I and 6.8 microM for form III). The observed maximum velocity of form I was much higher for all substrates examined. RNase protection and immunoblot analysis of expressed 3 beta HSD I and III indicate that the difference in maximum velocity reflect differences in the steady state levels of mRNA and amounts of protein. In addition, the expressed 3 beta HSD III protein analyzed by Western blot has a lower mobility than the 3 beta HSD I protein, both similar in mol wt to the 3 beta HSD proteins detected in mouse liver and adrenal glands, respectively. These data demonstrate that an isoform of 3 beta HSD expressed in liver and kidney has the capacity to convert delta 5-3 beta-hydroxysteroids to delta 4-3-ketosteroids. The data suggest that a homologous human 3 beta HSD isoform could play an important role in cases of genetic deficiency of the gonadal and adrenal isoform.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments