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Enzymatic Reactions inside Biological Condensates

Authors
  • Zhang, Yi
  • Narlikar, Geeta J
  • Kutateladze, Tatiana G
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
Source
eScholarship - University of California
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Biological enzymes significantly speed up chemical reactions in living organisms. The complex environment within cells has long been appreciated as a major regulator of enzymatic activities. Recent advances in the rapidly evolving field of biological condensates, which are spontaneously formed by macromolecules through phase separation, suggest new possibilities for how enzymatic reactions may be modulated within cells. Here, we review the latest studies of enzymatic reactions in biological condensates focusing on basic concepts in enzymology and discussing some context-dependent roles of phase separation in regulating biochemical reactions.

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