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Enzymatic polymorphism and phylogenetic relationships in Leishmania Ross, 1903 (Sarcomastigophora: Kinetoplastida): a case study in Colombia

Authors
  • Thomaz-Soccol, V.1
  • Velez, I.D.2
  • Pratlong, F.3
  • Agudelos, S.2
  • Lanotte, G.4
  • Rioux, J.A.4
  • 1 University Federal of Parana, Parasitology Section, Curitiba, Pr, Brazil , Curitiba, Pr
  • 2 Universidade de Antioquia, Programa de Estudio y Control de Enfermidades Tropicales-PECET, Medellin, Colombia , Medellin
  • 3 Université Montpellier I, Laboratoire d'Ecologie Medicale-LEM, Montpellier, France , Montpellier
  • 4 Université Montpellier I, Institut de Botanique, Montpellier, France , Montpellier
Type
Published Article
Journal
Systematic Parasitology
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Publication Date
May 01, 2000
Volume
46
Issue
1
Pages
59–68
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1023/A:1006379309576
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is widespread in Colombia and is found in 30 of 32 Departments. More than 200 infection zones have been reported from different regions, which vary from sea-level to an altitude of 2,300 m along the Atlantic Coast, Pacific coast, Amazon basin, Cauca and Magdalena valleys. We report 76 Leishmania stocks isolated from humans, dogs and phlebotomine hosts. Isoenzyme electrophoresis revealed 16 zymodemes, which could be divided into four phylogenetic complexes, i.e., L. braziliensis, L. amazonensis, L. guyanensis/panamensis and L. infantum. Three zymodemes became integrated into the subgenus Leishmania and the other zymodemes into the subgenus Viannia. Cutaneous infections were due to the L. braziliensis (9.2%) and L. guyanensis/panamensis (85.54%) complexes. Mucous secondary involvement was due to the L. braziliensis and L. guyanensis/panamensis complexes. In this work the specific status of L. (V.) guyanensis and L. (V.) panamensis is discussed.

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