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Environmental quality, climate indicators, and COVID-19 pandemic: insights from top 10 most affected states of the USA

Authors
  • Bilal,1
  • Bashir, Muhammad Farhan2
  • Shahzad, Khurram3
  • Komal, Bushra4
  • Bashir, Muhammad Adnan5
  • Bashir, Madiha6
  • Tan, Duojiao1
  • Fatima, Tehreem7
  • Numan, Umar2
  • 1 Accounting School, Hubei University of Economics,
  • 2 Central South University,
  • 3 College of Life Sciences, Northwest University,
  • 4 University of International Business and Economics,
  • 5 Nankai University,
  • 6 Education Department, Government of The Punjab, Punjab, Pakistan
  • 7 Shanghai University,
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Feb 25, 2021
Pages
1–10
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-12646-x
PMID: 33634403
PMCID: PMC7906571
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the current context of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers are working with health professionals to inform governments on how to formulate health strategies. In this study, we examine the correlation between environmental and climate indicators and COVID-19 outbreak in the top 10 most affected states of the USA. In doing so, PM2.5, temperature, humidity, environmental quality index, and rainfall are included as crucial meteorological and environmental factors. Kendall and Spearman rank correlation coefficients, quantile regression, and log-linear negative binominal analysis are employed as an estimation strategy. The empirical estimates conclude that temperature, humidity, environmental quality index, PM2.5, and rainfall are significant factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic in the top 10 most affected states of the USA. The empirical findings of the current study would serve as key policy input to mitigate the rapid spread of COVID-19 across the USA.

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