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An ensemble Kushner-Stratonovich-Poisson filter for recursive estimation in nonlinear dynamical systems

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Preprint
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arXiv ID: 1407.2192
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arXiv
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Abstract

Despite the numerous applications that may be expeditiously modelled by counting processes, stochastic filtering strategies involving Poisson-type observations still remain somewhat poorly developed. In this work, we propose a Monte Carlo stochastic filter for recursive estimation in the context of linear/nonlinear dynamical systems with Poisson-type measurements. A key aspect of the present development is the filter-update scheme, derived from an ensemble approximation of the time-discretized nonlinear filtering equation, modified to account for Poisson-type measurements. Specifically, the additive update through a gain-like correction term, empirically approximated from the innovation integral in the filtering equation, eliminates the problem of particle collapse encountered in many conventional particle filters. Through a few numerical demonstrations, the versatility of the proposed filter is brought forth, first with application to filtering problems with diffusive or Poisson-type measurements and then to an automatic control problem wherein the extremization of the associated cost functional is achieved simply by an appropriate redefinition of the innovation process.

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