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Enhanced retention of cytosine arabinoside and its metabolites and synergistic cytotoxicity by sequential treatment with dipyridamole in L5178Y leukemia.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology
Publication Date
Volume
26
Issue
2
Pages
135–138
Identifiers
PMID: 2347039
Source
Medline

Abstract

Sequential treatment of murine leukemia L5178Y with cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) followed by dipyridamole (DP) resulted in synergistic cytotoxicity. Viability of cells exposed to 1 microM ara-C for 4 h was 88% of control values, but if DP was included in the cloning medium, cell viability was reduced to only 30%. When cells exposed to 1 microM ara-C were resuspended in ara-C-free medium containing 10 microM DP, intracellular ara-C and its metabolites were retained for a significantly longer period than when cells were resuspended in drug-free medium. At 4 h after resuspension in ara-C-free medium, total intracellular [3H] was 1.9 pmol/10(6) cells in control cells but amounted to 6.2 pmol/10(6) cells in DP-treated cells. Unchanged ara-C was 5.5-fold higher in the DP-treated cells. Presumably because of its effect on the concentration of intracellular ara-C, DP increased the half-life for ara-CTP from 97 to 250 min. Ara-CDP-choline declined with a half-life of 76 min on the transfer of cells to control medium, but levels of this metabolite remained constant or increased slightly in cells transferred to medium containing DP. After 4 h in ara-C-free medium with DP, [3H]-ara-C incorporated into the acid-insoluble fraction was 140% of the level attained when cells were transferred to control medium. The increased levels of ara-C metabolites presumably represent the basis for the enhancement of ara-C cytotoxicity by sequential DP treatment.

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