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Enhanced preservation of the ischaemic kidney with inosine.

Authors
  • Fernando, A R
  • Armstrong, D M
  • Griffiths, J R
  • Hendry, W F
  • O'Donoghue, E P
  • Perrett, D
  • Ward, J P
  • Wickham, J E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Lancet (London, England)
Publication Date
Mar 13, 1976
Volume
1
Issue
7959
Pages
555–557
Identifiers
PMID: 55837
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The function of rat kidneys subjected to 60 minutes of warm ischaemia at body-temperature was notably protected by the prior administration of the purine nucleoside inosine as a 40 mg/ml solution maintained at 37 degrees C. With direct intrarenal arterial perfusion of the kidney at the onset of ischaemia or with intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection 40 minutes before ischaemia, the plasma-creatinine at 24 hours was significantly lower (P less than 0-001) than that of untreated 60-minute-ischaemia controls and not significantly different from that of non-ischaemic unilateral-nephrectomy controls. Intravenous inosine 20 minutes beforehand also afforded significant (P less than 0-01) protection. 7-day survival was 100% in 30 inosine-pretreated rats and 65% in 45 rats with all other types of pre-treatment (P less than 0-001). Although i.p. adenosine was better (P less than 0-05) than no treatment, i.p. inosine was better (P less than 0-02) than i.p. adenosine. Allopurinol, phenoxybenzamine, A.T.P., or cyclic A.M.P. caused no improvement over controls. Kidneys perfused with inosine maintained higher purine-nucleotide levels during ischaemia and rapidly resynthesised A.T.P. when blood-flow was restored in vivo.

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