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Enhanced outgrowth of EBV-transformed chronic lymphocytic leukemia B cells mediated by coculture with macrophage feeder cells.

Authors
  • Hwang, Kwan-Ki
  • Chen, Xi
  • Kozink, Daniel M
  • Gustilo, Marietta
  • Marshall, Dawn J
  • Whitesides, John F
  • Liao, Hua-Xin
  • Catera, Rosa
  • Chu, Charles C
  • Yan, Xiao-Jie
  • Luftig, Micah A
  • Haynes, Barton F
  • Chiorazzi, Nicholas
Type
Published Article
Journal
Blood
Publisher
American Society of Hematology
Publication Date
Feb 16, 2012
Volume
119
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1182/blood-2011-08-371203
PMID: 22160618
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is characterized by the clonal expansion of CD5-expressing B lymphocytes that produce mAbs often reactive with microbial or autoantigens. Long-term culture of B-CLL clones would permit the collection and characterization of B-CLL mAbs to study antigen specificity and of B-CLL DNA to investigate molecular mechanisms promoting the disease. However, the derivation of long-term cell lines (eg, by EBV), has not been efficient. We have improved the efficiency of EBV B-CLL transformation of CpG oligonucleotide-stimulated cells by incubating patient peripheral blood mononuclear cells in the presence of an irradiated mouse macrophage cell line, J774A.1. Using this approach, peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from 13 of 21 B-CLL patients were transformed as documented by IGHV-D-J sequencing. Four clones grew and retained CD5 expression in culture for 2 to 4 months. However, despite documentation of EBV infection by expression of EBNA2 and LMP1, B-CLL cells died after removal of macrophage feeder cells. Nevertheless, using electrofusion technology, we generated 6 stable hetero-hybridoma cell lines from EBV-transformed B-CLL cells, and these hetero-hybridomas produced immunoglobulin. Thus, we have established enhanced methods of B-CLL culture that will enable broader interrogation of B-CLL cells at the genetic and protein levels.

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