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Enhanced gas-sensing performance of [email protected] core-shell nanoparticles towards ppb-ppm level benzene: the role of metal-ZnO hetero-interfaces

Authors
  • Gong, Yan
  • Wu, Xiaofeng
  • Chen, Jiayuan
  • Li, Wenhui
  • Han, Ning
  • Zhang, Donghai
  • Chen, Yunfa
Publication Date
Feb 07, 2019
Source
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
Keywords
License
Unknown
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Abstract

Core-shell [email protected] nanoparticles including [email protected], [email protected] and [email protected] were synthesized and utilized for sensing low-concentration benzene. Various techniques were used to characterize the compositional properties of the typical [email protected] structure and analyze the relation between the sensing properties and the metal-ZnO hetero-interfaces. When applied as gas-sensing materials, all three core-shell [email protected] nanoparticles showed better sensing performance than pure ZnO nanoparticles towards low concentration benzene. In particular, the gas-sensing response of the [email protected] core-shell nanoparticles was 7 times higher than that of pure ZnO towards 0.1 ppm benzene and 63 times higher towards 5 ppm benzene, which was more sensitive than most gas-sensing materials in previous literature. Furthermore, the [email protected] core-shell nanoparticles presented an ultra-low detection limit of no less than 10 ppb, which was lower than those of most gas-sensing materials in previous literature. Besides, the [email protected] core-shell nanoparticles showed high selectivity and long-term response stability with a response value of 2.7 +/- 1.6% towards 1 ppm benzene after operating for a month. The enhanced gas-sensing performances of the [email protected] core-shell nanoparticles are well correlated to the work function differences between the contacted metal and ZnO within the metal-ZnO hetero-interfaces, which produce high Schottky energy barriers and modulate the electron transfer.

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