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Enhanced expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Authors
  • Yamashita, A
  • Noma, T
  • Nakazawa, A
  • Saito, S
  • Fujioka, K
  • Zempo, N
  • Esato, K
Type
Published Article
Journal
World journal of surgery
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2001
Volume
25
Issue
3
Pages
259–265
Identifiers
PMID: 11343173
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are characterized by structural alterations of the aortic wall resulting from degradation of collagen and elastin. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-2 and MMP-9, show strong elastinolytic activity. We examined the levels of mRNA for MMP-2, MMP-9, membrane type (MT)-MMP-1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), and TIMP-2 in AAAs (n = 8), atherosclerotic occlusive diseases (AOD) (n = 8), and normal subjects (n = 8) using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We also analyzed the gelatinolytic activity of these metalloproteinases using gelatin zymography. The levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA were increased in the AAA group compared with those in the AOD group and normal subjects. The levels for TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 mRNA in the AAA group were also higher than those in the AOD and normal groups. Only in the case of MT-MMP-1 was the difference between AAA and AOD not statistically significant. By gelatin zymography with the same samples used for RT-PCR, gelatinolytic activity of MMP-9 was elevated in all AAA tissues. The 62-kDa form of MMP-2 was elevated in both the AAA and AOD groups and did not differ significantly between them. Linear regression analysis demonstrated a significant positive correlation between mRNA levels of MMPs and those of TIMPs. These observations suggest that aneurysm formation in patients with atherosclerosis is related to the degree of MMP-9 expression.

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