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Engaged scholarship and public policy decision-making: a scoping review

Authors
  • McIsaac, Jessie-Lee D.1, 2
  • Riley, Barbara L.3
  • 1 Mount Saint Vincent University, 166 Bedford Highway, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3M 2J6, Canada , Halifax (Canada)
  • 2 Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada , Halifax (Canada)
  • 3 University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada , Waterloo (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Health Research Policy and Systems
Publisher
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Aug 26, 2020
Volume
18
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12961-020-00613-w
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundEngaged scholarship includes the coproduction and use of research by partnerships that blend research, policy and/or practice perspectives. This way of doing research attempts to bridge-the-gap between knowledge and its application. Recent reviews have described practices that support engagement and involve the community in research and patients in healthcare but there is less known about how to engage individuals working to inform public policy.Aims and objectivesThe purpose of this research was to articulate the actions and context that support the coproduction and use of research to inform public policy decisions. The study focuses on partnerships between researchers and stakeholders working in public policy across different levels and sectors of government.MethodsA scoping review methodology was used. Relevant articles were identified from six electronic bibliographic databases of peer-reviewed literature.FindingsA total of 9904 articles were screened and 375 full-text articles were assessed for eligibility. The included 11 studies were from research partnerships internationally and described actions and contextual factors contributing to the coproduction and use of research to inform public policy. Key actions included facilitating frequent interactions with public policy stakeholders, joint planning for research, and collaboration to execute data collection and analysis. Contextual factors included clarity in responsibilities, prior relationships, and mutual respect for partner priorities and perspectives.ConclusionsKey actions and contextual factors were identified in this review and warrant further study to strengthen research–policy partnerships and their outcomes.

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