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The energetic potential of azo- and azoxyfurazan nitro derivatives as components of composite rocket propellants

Authors
  • Lempert, David B.1
  • Sheremetev, Aleksei B.2
  • 1 Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, 1 Akademika Semenova Ave., Chernogolovka, Moscow obl., 142432, Russia , Chernogolovka (Russia)
  • 2 Russian Academy of Sciences, N. D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry, 47 Leninsky Ave., Moscow, 119991, Russia , Moscow (Russia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds
Publisher
Springer US
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2016
Volume
52
Issue
12
Pages
1070–1077
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s10593-017-2008-x
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
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Abstract

The energetic potential of solid composite rocket propellants on the basis of solid and liquid nitro derivatives of azo- and azoxyfurazans was studied by using thermochemical calculations. Quantitative relationships were established between the energetic parameters of propellants, the selected binder, and the properties of the studied component. It was shown that the studied solid nitrofurazans can serve as the foundation of metal-free compositions of solid composite rocket propellants, giving specific impulse over 263 s, while the use of liquid nitrofurazans as plasticizers of the binder can improve the ballistic effectiveness of rocket propellants containing aluminum hydride by 2–4 s.

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