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Endothelial cell differentiation into capillary structures by copolymer surfaces with phenylboronic acid groups.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of biomaterials science. Polymer edition
Publication Date
Volume
7
Issue
7
Pages
539–550
Identifiers
PMID: 8924421
Source
Medline

Abstract

A ternary copolymer composed of m-acrylamidophenylboronic acid, N,N-dimethylaminopropylmethacrylamide and N-isopropylacrylamide was synthesized. Long-term culture of bovine aortic endothelial cells on this copolymer substrate demonstrated adhesion and proliferation of the cells. After 26 days in culture, endothelial cells spontaneously developed into capillary networks. The interactions between phenylboronic acid groups in copolymer and glycoconjugates on endothelial cell plasma membranes are proposed to regulate the induction of tissue formation, since phenylboronic acid groups are known to specifically form reversible complexes with cis-diol compounds such as glucose. This copolymer is a novel material capable of mediating specific signals analogous to extracellular matrix to promote proliferation of endothelial cells, inducing capillary structures and prompt angiogenesis.

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