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[Endocarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in children: case report and review].

Authors
  • 1
  • 1 Hospital Clínico, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. [email protected] , (Chile)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Revista chilena de infectologia : organo oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectologia
Publication Date
Volume
22
Issue
4
Pages
361–367
Identifiers
PMID: 16341359
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Endocarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in children is an infrequent disease, corresponding to 3-7% of all cases of endocarditis. However, it is highly relevant because of its severity with the possibility of producing valvular ring abscesses and destruction, and high mortality that reaches up to 61% if medical and surgical treatment are not started early in the course of the illness. Over 50% of cases are associated to other sites of infection such as meningitis, pneumonia, sinusitis or mastoiditis. We report a 10-months-old infant who was admitted with meningitis and endocarditis due to S. pneumoniae, who presented with severe heart failure and required aortic valve replacement. A review of the literature of endocarditis caused by S. pneumoniae in pediatrics is presented.

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