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Endemicity change of hepatitis A infection necessitates vaccination in food handlers: An Indian perspective.

Authors
  • Shenoy, Bhaskar1
  • Andani, Anar2
  • Kolhapure, Shafi3
  • Agrawal, Ashish4
  • Mazumdar, Jaydeep5
  • 1 Department of Paediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Manipal Hospital, Bangalore, India. , (India)
  • 2 Global Medical Affairs, GSK, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 3 Medical Affairs Department, GSK, Mumbai, India. , (India)
  • 4 Medical Affairs Team, GSK, Hyderabad, India. , (India)
  • 5 Medical Affairs Team, GSK, Kolkata, India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Dec 31, 2022
Volume
18
Issue
1
Pages
1868820–1868820
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/21645515.2020.1868820
PMID: 33595412
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

PLAIN LANGUAGE SUMMARYWhat is the context?Hepatitis A disease is a common form of viral hepatitis and is transmitted through contaminated food and water or through close contact with an infected person. The virus with stands high temperature and can survive on surfaces for long periods of time.In India, the burden of hepatitis A has shifted from children to adolescents and adults who are more culnerable to infection. They present a high risk of complications, often requiring hopitalization.The prevention of the disease has often bee neglected, inadequate safety measures for the preparation of food (via food handlers) is a known risk factor for the transmission of hepatitis A.What is new?Our review highlights the relationship between food handling and hepatitis A infection among adolescents and adults in Inida.The lack of knowledge of food safety regulations and hygiene measures among food handlers and the organizations that guide them may contribute to the spread of hepatitis A.What is the impact?Sanitation efforts, awareness and educational programs for food are needed to help reduce the transmission of hepatitis A virus and disease, yet these measures alone may not be sufficient.Vaccination among high-risk populations such as food handlers can prevent hepatitis A infection and its complications as well as transmission.

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