An empirical mathematical model that describes the relation between force and length for dynamic loading of maximally activated airway smooth muscle is described. The model consists of three first-order, ordinary differential equations: one for muscle shortening, one for lengthening, and a third that describes the evolution of an internal variable that depends on muscle history. The model fits data on the dynamic force-length behavior of maximally activated trachealis muscle for a range of amplitudes and rates of shortening and lengthening. The muscle model is incorporated into a model for an intact airway tethered to the surrounding parenchyma. As an example of its use, the model airway is subjected to the loading that occurs during a deep breath. After the breath, the rate of muscle shortening is determined by the interaction between muscle dynamics and the elastic load that is imposed by interdependence forces.