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Emotional problems and peer victimization in adolescents born very preterm and full-term: Role of self-control skills in childhood.

Authors
  • Bilgin, Ayten1
  • Wolke, Dieter2
  • Trower, Hayley3
  • Baumann, Nicole2, 4, 5
  • Räikkönen, Katri6
  • Heinonen, Kati6, 7
  • Kajantie, Eero8, 9, 10, 11
  • Schnitzlein, Daniel12, 13
  • Lemola, Sakari2, 14
  • 1 School of Psychology, University of Kent, Canterbury, UK.
  • 2 Department of Psychology, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
  • 3 Division of Health Sciences, Mental Health and Wellbeing Unit, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
  • 4 Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
  • 5 Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. , (Australia)
  • 6 Department of Psychology and Logopedics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 7 Psychology/Welfare Sciences, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 8 Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 9 PEDEGO Research Unit, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 10 Children's Hospital, Pediatric Research Center, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland. , (Finland)
  • 11 Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. , (Norway)
  • 12 Leibniz Universität Hannover, Hannover, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 13 IZA Bonn, Bonn, Germany. , (Germany)
  • 14 Department of Psychology, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany. , (Germany)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Development and Psychopathology
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
Volume
36
Issue
1
Pages
302–311
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0954579422001201
PMID: 36453116
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to examine whether self-control skills in childhood moderate the association between very preterm birth (<32 weeks of gestational age) and emotional problems and peer victimization in adolescence. We used data from four prospective cohort studies, which included 29,378 participants in total (N = 645 very preterm; N = 28,733 full-term). Self-control was mother-reported in childhood at 5-11 years whereas emotional problems and peer victimization were both self- and mother-reported at 12-17 years of age. Findings of individual participant data meta-analysis showed that self-control skills in childhood do not moderate the association between very preterm birth and adolescence emotional problems and peer victimization. It was shown that higher self-control skills in childhood predict lower emotional problems and peer victimization in adolescence similarly in very preterm and full-term borns.

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