Emission of NO(x) from urine-treated pasture was determined using a system of enclosures coupled to a chemiluminescence NO(x) analyser. Rates of emission ranged from 0 to 190 microg NO(x) - Nm(-2)h(-1), with a mean of 43 microg N m(-2) h(-1). The lowest rates were associated with periods of heavy or persistent rain. On average, NO comprised 68% of the NO(x) produced. Emissions of NO(x) were apparently associated with the nitrification of ammonium N derived from hydrolysis of organic N constituents in the urine applied. Emissions from untreated pasture occurred at a mean rate of 1.7 microg NO(x) -N m(-2) h(-1). NO(x) comprised only a small proportion (<0.1%) of the emission of other nitrogenous gases (NH(3), N(2) and N(2)O) following application of urine. The mean rate of NO(x) emission suggested a total release to the atmosphere of 2.3 x 10(-8) g N year(-1) from urine returned to pasture in the UK. This loss is not significant in agronomic terms and is equivalent to only 0.04% of the estimated anthropogenic emissions for the UK.