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The emerging role of lipoproteins in atherogenesis: beyond LDL cholesterol.

Authors
  • Nicholls, Stephen
  • Lundman, Pia
Type
Published Article
Journal
Seminars in vascular medicine
Publication Date
May 01, 2004
Volume
4
Issue
2
Pages
187–195
Identifiers
PMID: 15478040
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol has a well-established role in atherogenesis and the development of coronary heart disease. However, despite effective lowering of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, many patients continue to have cardiovascular events. It has subsequently emerged that several additional dyslipidemic states promote atherogenesis. In particular, the atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype comprising an elevation of triglycerides and triglyceride-rich lipoproteins; decreased concentrations of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; and increased small, dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, in addition to impaired postprandial lipemia, have been demonstrated to have profound effects on the arterial wall. As such, these factors have become important targets in the development of effective strategies to prevent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

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