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Emerging neural stimulation technologies for bladder dysfunctions.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
International neurourology journal
Publication Date
Volume
19
Issue
1
Pages
3–11
Identifiers
DOI: 10.5213/inj.2015.19.1.3
PMID: 25833475
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Microelectrodes
  • Urinary Bladder

Abstract

In the neural engineering field, physiological dysfunctions are approached by identifying the target nerves and providing artificial stimulation to restore the function. Neural stimulation and recording technologies play a central role in this approach, and various engineering devices and stimulation techniques have become available to the medical community. For bladder control problems, electrical stimulation has been used as one of the treatments, while only a few emerging neurotechnologies have been used to tackle these problems. In this review, we introduce some recent developments in neural stimulation technologies including microelectrode array, closed-loop neural stimulation, optical stimulation, and ultrasound stimulation.

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