Background: Peripartum hysterectomy is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We determined the factors leading to and maternal mortality and morbidity rates among the women whose underwent peripartum hysterectomy in Iran. Materials and Methods: This case-series study was conducted from March 2004 to March 2009 in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at two central university hospitals (Azahra hospital and Shahid Beheshti Hospital) in Isfahan. Forty one women among 29,444 deliveries underwent peripartum hysterectomy. Women who had delivery before 24 weeks and a hysterectomy for other reasons like sterilizations were excluded. Incidence, indications and maternal complications including maternal death and urological, infectious and wound complications were evaluated after operation. Results: During the study period, the incidence of peripartum hysterectomy estimated about 1.39 per 1,000 deliveries. The maternal mortality rate was 17.07%. There was no statistical difference in mortality rates between referrals and non-referrals women (P = 0.6). Post-operative complications included infection (22%), bladder injuries (7.3%), urine retention (4.8%) and wound dehiscence (4.87%). The main indication was placenta accreta 28 (68.3%). Conclusion: This study indicated the high rate of mortality among patients underwent peripartum hysterectomy. Evaluation of management during referring the patients and designing more studies to evaluate the mortality and morbidities are warranted.