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Emergency Department Use by Community-Dwelling Individuals With Dementia in the United States: An Integrative Review.

Authors
  • Hunt, Lauren J
  • Coombs, Lorinda A
  • Stephens, Caroline E
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of gerontological nursing
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2018
Volume
44
Issue
3
Pages
23–30
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20171206-01
PMID: 29355877
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

As part of the National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease, reducing potentially avoidable emergency department (ED) use by individuals with dementia has been identified as a component of enhancing the quality and efficiency of care for this population. To help inform the development of interventions to achieve this goal, an integrative review was conducted to: (a) compare rates and reasons for ED visits by community-dwelling individuals with and without dementia, considering also the effect of dementia subtype and severity; and (b) identify other risk factors for increased ED use among community-dwelling individuals with dementia. Nineteen articles met inclusion criteria. Individuals with dementia had higher rates of ED visits compared to those without dementia, although differences were attenuated in the last year of life. Increased symptoms and disability were associated with increased rates of ED visits, whereas resources that enabled effective management of increased need decreased rates. Gerontological nurses across settings are on the frontlines of preventing potentially avoidable ED visits by community-dwelling individuals with dementia through patient and family education and leadership in the development of new models of care. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 44(3), 23-30.].

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