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Emergence of Salmonella enterica serovar 4,[5],12:i:- as the primary serovar identified from swine clinical samples and development of a multiplex real-time PCR for improved Salmonella serovar-level identification.

Authors
  • Naberhaus, Samantha A1, 2
  • Krull, Adam C1, 2
  • Bradner, Laura K1, 2
  • Harmon, Karen M1, 2
  • Arruda, Paulo1, 2
  • Arruda, Bailey L1, 2
  • Sahin, Orhan1, 2
  • Burrough, Eric R1, 2
  • Schwartz, Kent J1, 2
  • Kreuder, Amanda J1, 2
  • 1 Departments of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine (Naberhaus, Krull, Bradner, Harmon, P. Arruda, B. Arruda, Sahin, Burrough, Schwartz, Kreuder), Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
  • 2 Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine (Naberhaus, Kreuder), Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2019
Volume
31
Issue
6
Pages
818–827
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/1040638719883843
PMID: 31646949
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Rapid identification of the infecting Salmonella serovar from porcine diagnostic samples is vital to allow implementation of appropriate on-farm treatment and management decisions. Although identification at the serogroup level can be rapidly achieved at most veterinary diagnostic laboratories, final Salmonella serovar identification often takes several weeks because of the limited number of reference laboratories performing the complex task of serotyping. Salmonella serogroup B, currently the dominant serogroup identified from swine clinical samples in the United States, contains serovars that vary from highly pathogenic to minimally pathogenic in swine. We determined the frequency of detection of individual group B serovars at the Iowa State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory from 2008 to 2017, and validated a multiplex real-time PCR (rtPCR) to distinguish pathogenic serogroup B serovars from those of lesser pathogenicity. Our results indicate that, since 2014, Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar 4,[5],12:i:- has been the dominant serovar identified from swine clinical samples at the ISU-VDL, with S. Typhimurium now the second most common serovar identified. We developed a rtPCR to allow rapid differentiation of samples containing S. 4,[5],12:i:- and S. Typhimurium from samples containing serovars believed to be of less pathogenicity, such as S. Agona and S. Derby. When combined with enrichment culture, this rtPCR has the ability to significantly improve the time to final serovar identification of the 2 most commonly identified pathogenic Salmonella serovars in swine, and allows rapid implementation of serovar-specific intervention strategies.

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