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[Electrophysiologic effects of intravenous flecainide in intranodal junctional tachycardia in 30 patients].

Authors
  • Haissaguerre, M
  • Warin, J F
  • Goldrach, S
  • Le Métayer, P
  • Guillem, J P
  • Blanchot, P
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives des maladies du coeur et des vaisseaux
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1988
Volume
81
Issue
12
Pages
1493–1498
Identifiers
PMID: 3147639
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The electrophysiological effects of flecainide acetate were studied in 30 patients (10 men, 20 women, mean age 48.3 +/- 18 years) suffering from sustained re-entrant intranodal tachycardia. A 2 mg/kg dose of flecainide administered over 10 minutes was given after the onset of sustained tachycardia within 3.8 +/- 2.3 min in 25 of the 30 patients; this was effected by a block in the retrograde leg of the circuit in 22 patients and by a block in the anterograde leg in 3 patients. In the remaining 5 patients the tachycardia was slowed down (367 +/- 27 ms vs 431 +/- 48 ms) chiefly by prolongation of the atrioventricular anterograde conduction. No significant side-effect was observed while the drug was being injected. Following treatment with flecainide, tachycardia was no longer inducible in 24 out of 30 patients (A) and it remained inducible in 6 patients (B, non-responders). The initial electrophysiological exploration revealed differences between these two groups in retrograde conduction: prolongation of the ventriculoatrial time during incremental ventricular stimulation (A: 41 +/- 32 ms vs B: 81 +/- 142 ms, p less than 0.05) and prolongation of the atrioventricular time above 100 ms (A: 2/24 patients, B: 3/6 patients, p less than 0.01). The following electrophysiological parameters were significantly (p less than 0.01) ,modified after intravenous flecainide: AH and HV conduction intervals, atrial refractory periods, anterograde and retrograde atrioventricular conduction. Complete retrograde block was observed in 12 patients of group A. Thus, in this study flecainide arrested a reciprocal intranodal rhythm in 25 out of 30 patients and prevented the reinduction of tachycardia in 24 of these.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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