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Electronic dissymmetry in chiral recognition.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Volume
127
Issue
46
Pages
16010–16011
Identifiers
PMID: 16287272
Source
Medline

Abstract

The pi-bonding of the beta-diketonate ligands in C2-symmetric (dike)2TiX2 complexes engenders a significant electronic dissymmetry, with the LUMO of the complex resembling a "tipped" dz2 orbital whose tilt with respect to the plane containing the metal and the two X groups is determined by the configuration at titanium. The ability of this electronic dissymmetry to promote chiral recognition has been probed in 1,1'-bi-2-naphtholate complexes (RCOCHCOR)2Ti(BINOL) (R = CH3, Ph, or tBu). The complexes show exclusively one diastereomer by NMR, which has been established as the one predicted on electronic grounds by crystallography of the dibenzoylmethane and 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptanedione complexes. Confirmation that the selectivity is due to electronic rather than steric factors is given by the behavior of the tin analogues, which are structurally similar but show much smaller diastereoselectivities.

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