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Electron transfer within xanthine oxidase: a solvent kinetic isotope effect study.

Authors
  • Hille, R
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publication Date
Sep 03, 1991
Volume
30
Issue
35
Pages
8522–8529
Identifiers
PMID: 1888720
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Solvent kinetic isotope effect studies of electron transfer within xanthine oxidase have been performed, using a stopped-flow pH-jump technique to perturb the distribution of reducing equivalents within partially reduced enzyme and follow the kinetics of reequilibration spectrophotometrically. It is found that the rate constant for electron transfer between the flavin and one of the iron-sulfur centers of the enzyme observed when the pH is jumped from 10 to 6 decreases from 173 to 25 s-1 on going from H2O to D2O, giving an observed solvent kinetic isotope effect of 6.9. An effect of comparable magnitude is observed for the pH jump in the opposite direction, the rate constant decreasing from 395 to 56 s-1. The solvent kinetic isotope effect on kobs is found to be directly proportional to the mole fraction of D2O in the reaction mix for the pH jump in each direction, consistent with the effect arising from a single exchangeable proton. Calculations of the microscopic rate constants for electron transfer between the flavin and the iron-sulfur center indicate that the intrinsic solvent kinetic isotope effect for electron transfer from the neutral flavin semiquinone to the iron-sulfur center designated Fe/S I is substantially greater than for electron transfer in the opposite direction and that the observed solvent kinetic isotope effect is a weighted averaged of the intrinsic isotope effects for the forward and reverse microscopic electron-transfer steps.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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