Affordable Access

deepdyve-link
Publisher Website

Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Characterization of the Triheme Cytochrome from Geobacter sulfurreducens.

Authors
  • Ponomarenko, Nina
  • Niklas, Jens
  • Pokkuluri, P Raj
  • Poluektov, Oleg
  • Tiede, David M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biochemistry
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Mar 20, 2018
Volume
57
Issue
11
Pages
1722–1732
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/acs.biochem.7b00917
PMID: 29298044
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Periplasmic cytochrome A (PpcA) is a representative of a broad class of multiheme cytochromes functioning as protein "nanowires" for storage and extracellular transfer of multiple electrons in the δ-proteobacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens. PpcA contains three bis-His coordinated hemes held in a spatial arrangement that is highly conserved among the multiheme cytochromes c3 and c7 families, carries low potential hemes, and is notable for having one of the lowest number of amino acids utilized to maintain a characteristic protein fold and site-specific heme function. Low temperature X-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy has been used to characterize the electronic configuration of the Fe(III) and the ligation mode for each heme. The three sets of EPR signals are assigned to individual hemes in the three-dimensional crystal structure. The relative energy levels of the Fe(III) 3d orbitals for individual hemes were estimated from the principal g-values. The observed g-tensor anisotropy was used as a probe of electronic structure of each heme, and differences were determined by specifics of axial ligation. To ensure unambiguous assignment of highly anisotropic low-spin (HALS) signal to individual hemes, EPR analyses of iron atom electronic configurations have been supplemented with investigation of porphyrin macrocycles by one-dimensional 1H NMR chemical shift patterns for the methyl substituents. Within optimized geometry of hemes in PpcA, the magnetic interactions between hemes were found to be minimal, similar to the c3 family of tetraheme cytochromes.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times