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Electrodeposition and capacitive behavior of films for electrodes of electrochemical supercapacitors.

Authors
  • Shi, C1
  • Zhitomirsky, I
  • 1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7, Canada. [email protected] , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Nanoscale Research Letters
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Jan 08, 2010
Volume
5
Issue
3
Pages
518–523
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11671-009-9519-z
PMID: 20672082
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Polypyrrole films were deposited by anodic electropolymerization on stainless steel substrates from aqueous pyrrole solutions containing sodium salicylate and tiron additives. The deposition yield was studied under galvanostatic conditions. The amount of the deposited material was varied by the variation of deposition time at a constant current density. SEM studies showed the formation of porous films with thicknesses in the range of 0-3 μm. Cyclic voltammetry data for the films tested in 0.5 M Na2SO4 solutions showed capacitive behavior and high specific capacitance (SC) in a voltage window of 0.9 V. The films prepared from pyrrole solutions containing tiron showed better capacitive behavior compared to the films prepared from the solutions containing sodium salicylate. A highest SC of 254 F g-1 was observed for the sample with a specific mass of 89 μg cm-2 at a scan rate of 2 mV s-1. The SC decreased with an increasing film thickness and scan rate. The results indicated that the polypyrrole films deposited on the stainless steel substrates by anodic electropolymerization can be used as electrodes for electrochemical supercapacitors (ES).

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