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ELECTROCONVULSIVE SHOCK, RETROACTIVE AMNESIA, AND THE SINGLE-SHOCK METHOD.

Authors
  • LEONARD, D J
  • ZAVALA, A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Science (New York, N.Y.)
Publication Date
Nov 20, 1964
Volume
146
Issue
3647
Pages
1073–1074
Identifiers
PMID: 14202466
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

If electroconvulsive shock is given immediately after a learning session, retroactive amnesia for that response occurs. Such results may be due to production of aversive responses or to interference with consolidation of the neural engram, or to both. Aversive responses or competing responses are not adequate explanations for retroactive amnesia. Consolidation theory provides the most plausible explanation. The single-shock method is an appropriate approach for studying the relationships between electroconvulsive shock and retroactive amnesia.

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