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Electrochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles by reversible current in solutions of sodium polyacrylate

Authors
  • Kuntyi, О. І.1
  • Kytsya, А. R.2
  • Mertsalo, I. P.1
  • Mazur, А. S.1
  • Zozula, G. І.1
  • Bazylyak, L. I.2
  • Тоpchak, R. V.1
  • 1 Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Chemistry and Technology of Inorganic Substances, Bandery Str. 12, Lviv, 79013, Ukraine , Lviv (Ukraine)
  • 2 NAS of Ukraine, Department of Physical Chemistry of Fossil Fuels InPOCCC, Naukova Str. 3а, Lviv, 79060, Ukraine , Lviv (Ukraine)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Colloid & Polymer Science
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Mar 11, 2019
Volume
297
Issue
5
Pages
689–695
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00396-019-04488-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Silver sols that contain mainly small silver nanoparticles (up to 10 nm) have been synthesized by a method of electrolysis using silver electrodes under conditions of altered current polarity in the sodium polyacrylate (NaPA) solutions. It is shown that the values of the current of the anode dissolution of silver increase with increasing of NaPA concentration and the dependence of іanode—E is linear. Its proposed multistage scheme of formation stabilized by polyacrylate anion (PA−) silver nanoparticles that includes (1) ionization of silver and the complexation of produced Ag+ ions with polyacrylate, (2) cathode reduction of silver ions from the complex, (3) formation of PA− stabilized nanoclusters, and (4) aggregation of nanoclusters and formation of nanoparticles is proposed. Using UV-vis spectroscopy, observable rate constants of the nucleation and the growth of silver nanoparticles depending on temperature and sodium polyacrylate concentration have been estimated. It was found that the formation of silver nanoparticles is carried out in electrode space and is limited by diffusion. The correlations of the size of silver nanoparticles with observable rates of the nucleation and growth were shown. Graphical abstract"."

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