Measurements were made of the spectrum of the voltage fluctuations developed in the 0.025-10 Hz band during active transport by frog abdominal skin with Ringer's solution on both sides. Decreasing the potential across the skin by an external supply of current diminishes the voltage fluctuations, but they do not disappear, reaching a minimum finite value. Thus, fluctuations in both the resistance of the skin and the electric current attendant to the active transport of sodium contribute to the voltage fluctuations. Ouabain eliminates the current fluctuations but not those of the resistance. At 20 degrees C, the spectral intensities of the resistance and current fluctuations are nearly identical, varying as 1/f(a), where f is frequency and a = 1.6-2.0. At 32 degrees C, the spectrum of the voltage fluctuations is sigmoid shaped, evidencing a relaxation process with a time constant of 0.6 sec. The fluctuations can be accounted for by stochastic variations in the concentration of a complex formed between a carrier molecule, fixed or mobile, and the actively transported species, sodium.