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Electrical conductivity and chromic behavior of poly (3-methylthiophene) — coated polyester fabrics

Authors
  • Mokhtari, Javad1
  • Nouri, Mahdi1
  • 1 University of Guilan, Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Rasht, Iran , Rasht (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fibers and Polymers
Publisher
The Korean Fiber Society
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2012
Volume
13
Issue
2
Pages
139–144
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s12221-012-0139-3
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Electrically conductive substrates with chromic behavior are prepared using conductive polymer coating of the substrate. Poly (3-methylthiophene) (P3MT) — coated polyester fabric with specific electrical and chromic properties, for instance electrochromic and piezochromic behavior, was successfully obtained by chemical polymerization with the help of continuous and speed stirring technique. The effect of polymerization time, temperature and oxidant concentration on conductivity of the P3MT-coated fabric was studied. The presence of P3MT particles on the surface of the coated substrate was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and UV-Vis spectroscopy, electrical surface resistivity, pressure and applied voltage dependence visible reflectance spectrophotometer measurements, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. The blue shift of c95 nm in wavelength of maximum absorption observed in the reflectance spectra of coated polyester fabric. Under high pressure, the P3MT-coated polyester fabric demonstrated piezochromism. The coated substrate also showed electrochromic behavior under an electrical applied voltage of 12 V.

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