Affordable Access

Access to the full text

Elective Fetal Reduction in Dichorionic Diamniotic Twin Pregnancies on Parental Request: A Single-Centre Experience

Authors
  • Kaul, Anita
  • Prasad, Smriti
  • Anand, Keerthana
  • Arora, Saloni
  • Sharma, Akshatha
Type
Published Article
Journal
Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Mar 29, 2021
Volume
48
Issue
4
Pages
272–278
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000513581
PMID: 33780944
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Objectives: Our study aimed to examine a subset of electively reduced twins and compare their outcomes with those of expectantly managed twins, along with a cohort of singleton pregnancies. The secondary aim was to ascertain the procedure-related miscarriage risks. Methods: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed at Apollo Centre for Fetal Medicine, New Delhi, comparing pregnancy outcomes in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies which were reduced to singletons (group 1) with that of women with dichorionic twins managed expectantly (group 0) and women with a singleton pregnancy (group 2). Comparison of continuous and categorical variables was conducted using standard statistical tests. Results: We analysed 35 twins which were reduced to singletons, 421 expectantly managed dichorionic twins and 1915 women with a singleton pregnancy. In the reduction group, the rate of procedure related pregnancy loss<24 weeks was lower, compared to the expectantly managed twins, although the difference was not statistically significant (5.71% [2/35] vs. 7.13% [30/421]; p = 1.000). The median gestational age at delivery was significantly higher in reduced twins compared to expectantly managed twin pregnancies (38.0 vs. 35.4 weeks respectively, p < 0.001) with a higher mean birth weight at delivery, both of which were comparable to that among the singleton pregnancies (38.3 weeks). The rates of preterm birth <32 weeks and <34 weeks in the expectantly managed twins were significantly higher at 19.8% (66/334) and 25.7% (86/334) compared to the reduced twins, all of whom delivered beyond 34 weeks. The rates of preterm births <32 weeks, <34 weeks, and the late preterm births in the reduced twins were comparable to those in the singleton cohort. Conclusions: The obstetric and perinatal outcomes after reduction of a dichorionic twin are better than an expectantly managed twin without an associated increase in pregnancy loss rates. Fetal reduction of dichorionic twin to a singleton appears to be a safe procedure in expert hands.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times