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Efficacy and safety of preoperative 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, and mitomycin C in combination with radiotherapy in patients with resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: a long-term follow-up study

Authors
  • Endo, Yutaka
  • Kitago, Minoru
  • Aiura, Koichi
  • Shinoda, Masahiro
  • Yagi, Hiroshi
  • Abe, Yuta
  • Oshima, Go
  • Hori, Shutaro
  • Nakano, Yutaka
  • Itano, Osamu
  • Fukada, Junichi
  • Masugi, Yohei
  • Kitagawa, Yuko
Type
Published Article
Journal
World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Aug 16, 2019
Volume
17
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12957-019-1687-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

BackgroundWe aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 5-fluorouracil-based neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NACRT) in patients with resectable/borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).MethodsThis retrospective study investigated the clinicopathological features and > 5-year survival of patients with T3/T4 PDAC who underwent NACRT at our institute between 2003 and 2012.ResultsSeventeen resectable and eight borderline resectable patients were included. The protocol treatment completion and resection rates were 92.0% and 68.0%, respectively. Two patients failed to complete chemotherapy owing to cholangitis or anorexia. Common grade 3 toxicities included anorexia (12%), neutropenia (4%), thrombocytopenia (4%), anemia (4%), and leukopenia (12%). Pathologically negative margins were achieved in 94.1% of patients who underwent pancreatectomy. Pathological response according to Evans’ classification was grade IIA in 10 patients (58.8%), IIB in 5 patients (29.4%), and IV in 2 patients (11.8%). Postoperative pancreatic fistulas were observed in four patients (23.5%), delayed gastric emptying in one patient (5.9%), and other operative morbidities in four patients (23.5%). The 1-, 2-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival rates were 73.9%, 60.9%, 60.9%, and 39.1%, respectively (median follow-up period, 80.3 months).ConclusionsNACRT is tolerable and beneficial for resectable/borderline resectable PDAC, even in the long-term.

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